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/*
 * @(#)LEDataInputStream.java
 *
 * Summary: Little-Endian version of DataInputStream.
 *
 * Copyright: (c) 1998-2010 Roedy Green, Canadian Mind Products, http://mindprod.com
 *
 * Licence: This software may be copied and used freely for any purpose but military.
 *          http://mindprod.com/contact/nonmil.html
 *
 * Requires: JDK 1.1+
 *
 * Created with: IntelliJ IDEA IDE.
 *
 * Version History:
 *  1.8 2007-05-24
 */

package org.etsi.its.adapter;

import java.io.DataInput;
import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

/**
 * Little-Endian version of DataInputStream.
 * <p/>
 * Very similar to DataInputStream except it reads little-endian instead of
 * big-endian binary data. We can't extend DataInputStream directly since it has
 * only final methods, though DataInputStream itself is not final. This forces
 * us implement LEDataInputStream with a DataInputStream object, and use wrapper
 * methods.
 *
 * @author Roedy Green, Canadian Mind Products
 * @version 1.8 2007-05-24
 * @since 1998
 */

public final class LEDataInputStream implements DataInput {
    // ------------------------------ CONSTANTS ------------------------------

    /**
     * undisplayed copyright notice.
     *
     * @noinspection UnusedDeclaration
     */

    private static final String EMBEDDED_COPYRIGHT = "copyright (c) 1999-2010 Roedy Green, Canadian Mind Products, http://mindprod.com";

    // ------------------------------ FIELDS ------------------------------

    /**
     * to get at the big-Endian methods of a basic DataInputStream
     *
     * @noinspection WeakerAccess
     */

    protected final DataInputStream dis;

    /**
     * to get at the a basic readBytes method.
     *
     * @noinspection WeakerAccess
     */

    protected final InputStream is;

    /**
     * work array for buffering input.
     *
     * @noinspection WeakerAccess
     */

    protected final byte[] work;

    // -------------------------- PUBLIC STATIC METHODS
    // --------------------------

    /**
     * Note. This is a STATIC method!
     *
     * @param in
     *            stream to read UTF chars from (endian irrelevant)
     *
     * @return string from stream
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     */

    public static String readUTF(DataInput in) throws IOException {
        return DataInputStream.readUTF(in);
    }

    // -------------------------- PUBLIC INSTANCE METHODS
    // --------------------------

    /**
     * constructor.
     *
     * @param in
     *            binary inputstream of little-endian data.
     */

    public LEDataInputStream(InputStream in) {
        this.is = in;
        this.dis = new DataInputStream(in);
        work = new byte[8];
    }

    /**
     * close.
     *
     * @throws IOException
     *             if close fails.
     */

    public final void close() throws IOException {
        dis.close();
    }

    /**
     * Read bytes. Watch out, read may return fewer bytes than requested.
     *
     * @param ba
     *            where the bytes go.
     * @param off
     *            offset in buffer, not offset in file.
     * @param len
     *            count of bytes to read.
     *
     * @return how many bytes read.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     */

    public final int read(byte ba[], int off, int len) throws IOException {
        // For efficiency, we avoid one layer of wrapper
        return is.read(ba, off, len);
    }

    /**
     * read only a one-byte boolean.
     *
     * @return true or false.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     * @see java.io.DataInput#readBoolean()
     */

    @Override
    public final boolean readBoolean() throws IOException {
        return dis.readBoolean();
    }

    /**
     * read byte.
     *
     * @return the byte read.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     * @see java.io.DataInput#readByte()
     */

    @Override
    public final byte readByte() throws IOException {
        return dis.readByte();
    }

    /**
     * Read on char. like DataInputStream.readChar except little endian.
     *
     * @return little endian 16-bit unicode char from the stream.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     */

    @Override
    public final char readChar() throws IOException {
        dis.readFully(work, 0, 2);
        return (char) ((work[1] & 0xff) << 8 | (work[0] & 0xff));
    }

    /**
     * Read a double. like DataInputStream.readDouble except little endian.
     *
     * @return little endian IEEE double from the datastream.
     * @throws IOException
     */

    @Override
    public final double readDouble() throws IOException {
        return Double.longBitsToDouble(readLong());
    }

    /**
     * Read one float. Like DataInputStream.readFloat except little endian.
     *
     * @return little endian IEEE float from the datastream.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     */

    @Override
    public final float readFloat() throws IOException {
        return Float.intBitsToFloat(readInt());
    }

    /**
     * Read bytes until the array is filled.
     *
     * @see java.io.DataInput#readFully(byte[])
     */

    @Override
    public final void readFully(byte ba[]) throws IOException {
        dis.readFully(ba, 0, ba.length);
    }

    /**
     * Read bytes until the count is satisfied.
     *
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     * @see java.io.DataInput#readFully(byte[],int,int)
     */

    @Override
    public final void readFully(byte ba[], int off, int len) throws IOException {
        dis.readFully(ba, off, len);
    }

    /**
     * Read an int, 32-bits. Like DataInputStream.readInt except little endian.
     *
     * @return little-endian binary int from the datastream
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     */

    @Override
    public final int readInt() throws IOException {
        dis.readFully(work, 0, 4);
        return (work[3]) << 24 | (work[2] & 0xff) << 16 | (work[1] & 0xff) << 8
                | (work[0] & 0xff);
    }

    /**
     * Read a line.
     *
     * @return a rough approximation of the 8-bit stream as a 16-bit unicode
     *         string
     * @throws IOException
     * @noinspection deprecation
     * @deprecated This method does not properly convert bytes to characters.
     *             Use a Reader instead with a little-endian encoding.
     */

    @Deprecated
    @Override
    public final String readLine() throws IOException {
        return dis.readLine();
    }

    /**
     * read a long, 64-bits. Like DataInputStream.readLong except little endian.
     *
     * @return little-endian binary long from the datastream.
     * @throws IOException
     */

    @Override
    public final long readLong() throws IOException {
        dis.readFully(work, 0, 8);
        return (long) (work[7]) << 56 |
        /* long cast needed or shift done modulo 32 */
        (long) (work[6] & 0xff) << 48 | (long) (work[5] & 0xff) << 40
                | (long) (work[4] & 0xff) << 32 | (long) (work[3] & 0xff) << 24
                | (long) (work[2] & 0xff) << 16 | (long) (work[1] & 0xff) << 8
                | work[0] & 0xff;
    }

    /**
     * Read short, 16-bits. Like DataInputStream.readShort except little endian.
     *
     * @return little endian binary short from stream.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     */

    @Override
    public final short readShort() throws IOException {
        dis.readFully(work, 0, 2);
        return (short) ((work[1] & 0xff) << 8 | (work[0] & 0xff));
    }

    /**
     * Read UTF counted string.
     *
     * @return String read.
     */

    @Override
    public final String readUTF() throws IOException {
        return dis.readUTF();
    }

    /**
     * Read an unsigned byte. Note: returns an int, even though says Byte
     * (non-Javadoc)
     *
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     * @see java.io.DataInput#readUnsignedByte()
     */

    @Override
    public final int readUnsignedByte() throws IOException {
        return dis.readUnsignedByte();
    }

    /**
     * Read an unsigned short, 16 bits. Like DataInputStream.readUnsignedShort
     * except little endian. Note, returns int even though it reads a short.
     *
     * @return little-endian int from the stream.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if read fails.
     */

    @Override
    public final int readUnsignedShort() throws IOException {
        dis.readFully(work, 0, 2);
        return ((work[1] & 0xff) << 8 | (work[0] & 0xff));
    }

    /**
     * Skip over bytes in the stream. See the general contract of the
     * <code>skipBytes</code> method of <code>DataInput</code>.
     * <p/>
     * Bytes for this operation are read from the contained input stream.
     *
     * @param n
     *            the number of bytes to be skipped.
     *
     * @return the actual number of bytes skipped.
     * @throws IOException
     *             if an I/O error occurs.
     */

    @Override
    public final int skipBytes(int n) throws IOException {
        return dis.skipBytes(n);
    }
}